F5-CL1-3 - Current trends in use of Collaborative Learning in Teaching of Robotics and Programming - A Systematic Review of Literature

3. Research Full Paper
Joethe Moraes de Carvalho1 , José Francisco de Magalhães Netto1
1 Federal University of Amazonas

This Research Full Paper presents a systematic review of the literature on actions that are being carried out in Academia, including teaching robotics and programming through distance collaborative procedures. The literature shows that teaching robotics and programming using the STEM approach, encountered some difficulties for students with the development of essential skills in Computer Science or Computer Engineering. Another frequent problem is deficit of practice due to materials lack. Recent studies point to increasing use of collaborative activities in teaching-learning process of these themes, with encouraging results regarding the improvement of students' skills and better use of the educational institution's infrastructure. Technologies applied to education favor use of digital tools that promote shared learning. To carry out this investigation, goals were defined by the Goal-Question-Metric (GQM) protocol, an instrument for measurement and evaluation, with purpose providing a better process understanding. The Research Questions were stipulated to be answered after the analysis of the results and the Search Strings, which allowed to select publications that satisfied the research objective. The GQM protocol also allows criteria to be defined to include or exclude relevant or irrelevant artifacts respectively. Initially 133 articles were collected in main digital repositories, all carried out in last 5 years. After applying filters, 15 works were considered more relevant according to the research objective. The results shown as activities, modality, methodologies, accomplished pedagogical concepts, and the conclusions obtained. Among the selected publications, we highlight the work done in groups, were the effective participation of all members was essential for success in final product. We also emphasize the research with theoretical proposals without experimentation, but which have relevance in their scientific content. Beyond that, articles found by Snowball technique were examined, which found artifacts with important content for this study in bibliographic references of selected articles. This work aims to assist researchers who seek information on the referred topic.